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Home » Your Eye Health » Eye Diseases » Cataracts » Causes of Cataracts

Causes of Cataracts

Cataracts are part of the natural aging process of the eye and therefore, if you live to an old age, you will likely eventually develop one. While most cases of cataracts develop as part of this process, there are instances of congenital cataracts which are present at birth. Further, secondary or traumatic cataracts can occur at any age as a result of an eye injury, surgery or disease.While the risk of developing a cataract does increase as you age, it is not the only risk factor. Research shows that there are environmental, health and behavioral risk factors that can also play a role in cataract development. Many of these risk factors are avoidable and preventable. These risk factors include:

  • Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption
  • Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or other sources
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Certain medications such as steroids or statin medications
  • History of eye injury or eye surgery
  • Family history

Since they are largely a part of the the natural aging process of the eye, cataracts can’t necessarily be avoided, however knowing if you have additional risk factors can help you to take preventative steps to delay the onset of the condition.

OHIP Exams Update

As of November 23, 2021, Ontario Government agreed with a formal negotiation and Ontario optometrists agreed to resume service for OHIP insured patients during the negotiations. We do our best to accommodate as many patients we could. We started booking from our long waiting list that has been built up since September. We continue adding patients to our list and try to see as many patients as possible without compromising our high quality eye care services.

If you wish to be added to our waiting list please kindly use our online appointment request form. We really appreciate your patience, understanding and support! In the meantime please visit https://www.saveeyecare.ca and let the government know you care about your eye care and this is the government’s responsibility to pay for your eye care, not your optometrist.

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